Niger Delta Medial Journal

Telephone: +2348131981600
Email: eic@ndmjournal.org

HYPERTENSION PREVALENCE IN NIGERIAN WOMEN: AN OPPORTUNISTIC SCREENING EXERCISE IN A NIGERIAN URBAN CENTRE

Download Article

Authors
Abimbola O. Opadeyi, Stephen A. Ayinbuomwan, Ambrose O. Isah,
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria
Department of Medicine,
University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Nigeria
Correspondence
Dr. Abimbola O. Opadeyi
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria
abimbola.opadeyi@uniben.edu
https://orcid.org/- 0000-0003-0630-2117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality
worldwide and is worse in black women. It is necessary to target this high-risk population during occasions such as hypertension survey provided by the May Measurement Month.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and awareness of hypertension in women during a screening
exercise for hypertension.

METHODS: A hypertension survey was conducted during the 2018 May Measurement Month on a
group of women attending a church program. The demographics and details regarding prior knowledge of hypertension, co-morbid conditions and previous treatment as applicable were sought. Blood pressure (BP)ndrd was measured three times and an average of the 2 and 3 reading taken as the blood pressure. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90mmHg or being on treatment for hypertension. Data was analysed using descriptive measures.

RESULTS: A total of 220 women participated in the survey. The mean age (SD) of the participants was
60.1(12.1) years with an age range of 21-95 years. Twenty-two (10.0%) participants had never checked
their BP before the survey. The mean SBP was highest in those aged 60 and above and this was significant (p-<0.001). One hundred and fifty (68.2%) of the participants had hypertension, However, the participants who were aware of a previous diagnosis of hypertension were 99 (45%); 75(34.1%) were already on medications while 45(20.5 %) were diagnosed as having hypertension on the day of the screening exercise.

Conclusion:
This study showed high prevalence, low awareness and treatment rate of hypertension among a female population. More attention should be paid towards enlightening Nigerian women about
hypertension screening and treatment.
KEYWORDS: hypertension; blood pressure; women; screening; Nigeria
Nig Del Med J 2022; 6(3): 15-25