Niger Delta Medial Journal

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COVID-19 VACCINE: KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND WILLINGNESS OF UPTAKE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN KWARA, NIGERIA

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Authors
Ayodele O. Agede Ayodele J. Ogunmodede , Olanrewaju S. Afolabi ,
Emmanuel A. Fawibe , Oyewale B. Oyebiyi , Esan O. Olorundare

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Ilorin, Nigeria

Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.
Correspondence:
Dr Olalekan Ayodele Agede
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
agede.oa@unilorin.edu.ng
https://orcid.org/ 0000-0001-8033-2884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study determined the knowledge, perception and willingness (KPW) regarding
COVID-19 and vaccine uptake among undergraduate students of higher institutions of learning in Kwara
state, Nigeria.

METHODS: It was a web based cross-sectional study conducted for a period of 8 weeks in higher
institutions in Kwara state. Data on socio-demographics, KPW regarding COVID-19 and vaccine were
collected. Descriptive statistics was done. The chi-square test was used to determine association between
categorical variables. Ordinal logistic regression was used to assess the determinants of willingness to
accept COVID-19 vaccine. p-value was set at <0.05.

RESULTS: A total of 2,900 undergraduate students filled the online questionnaire and only 2,688
students who met the inclusion criteria were included in the final analysis. Age group 18-25years was most common (n=2045,76.1%) with a slight female preponderance (54.9%) and majority being single (82.0%).
Most participants (64.6%) got information through the social media and the level of awareness of the
participants regarding COVID-19 and vaccine was 68.9%. Less than 5% of the participant did not use the
preventive measures. Only 59.0.0% was willing to take the vaccine when available. Gender, marital status, awareness and perception of the COVID vaccine were predictors of willingness to receive the vaccine.

CONCLUSION: There was high awareness (68.9%) about COVID-19 but poor practice of preventive
measures and less than expected willingness to take the vaccine among participants. Information about the disease and vaccine were sourced mostly from the social media. Healthcare policy makers should take advantage of social media to disseminate appropriate information on COVID-19 and vaccine to reduce vaccine hesitancy and improve disease control.
KEYWORDS: COVID-19, Knowledge, Vaccine, Student.